Nigeria’s Inflation Reaches 33.95%, 28-Year High

Nigeria’s Inflation Reaches 33.95%, 28-Year High

Key Points:

  • Inflation in Nigeria hit 33.95% in May 2024, the highest in 28 years.
  • Food prices soared, reaching 40.66% in May 2024.
  •  The Naira depreciated by 70% since June 2023, worsening economic conditions.

In recent months, Nigeria has witnessed a notable escalation in its inflation rate, reaching 33.95% in May 2024, up from 33.7% in April 2024. This rise marks the highest inflation rate the country has seen in 28 years, signalling significant economic challenges. Food inflation has also surged, with rates climbing to 40.66% in May 2024 from 40.3% in the previous month. These statistics highlight the increasing cost of living and the financial strain on Nigerian households.

Naira Depreciates 70% Since June 2023

The Nigerian Naira has experienced a severe depreciation, plummeting by 70% since June 2023. This drastic drop reflects the broader economic instability and the challenges the nation’s financial systems face. The weakening of the Naira has compounded the inflationary pressures, as the cost of imported goods has soared, exacerbating the economic plight of the average Nigerian.

Inflation at 28-Year High and $2.25B World Bank Loan

Several key events have shaped Nigeria’s current economic landscape. The inflation rate soaring to a 28-year high in May 2024 is a significant indicator of the underlying economic issues. The World Bank’s approval of a $2.25 billion loan to support economic reforms underscores the international community’s recognition of Nigeria’s financial distress. Furthermore, the substantial depreciation of the Naira has had far-reaching implications for the country’s economic stability and growth prospects.

Fuel Subsidy Removal and Currency Float Impact

The partial removal of fuel subsidies and the decision to float the currency are major factors contributing to the current economic conditions. Removing subsidies has increased fuel prices, increasing the cost of goods and services. The floating of the Naira, intended to stabilise the currency, has led to significant volatility and depreciation, further straining the economy.

Economic Crisis Drops Nigeria to 4th in Africa.

Nigeria’s economic turmoil has seen it fall from being the largest economy in Africa to the fourth largest. This decline indicates the severe impact of the current economic crisis, considered the worst the country has faced in decades. The high inflation, currency depreciation, and economic mismanagement have all contributed to this downturn, highlighting the urgent need for comprehensive economic reforms.

Nigeria’s Economic Projections: 32% Inflation and Wage Hike

Several challenges, including high import costs, underinvestment, and economic mismanagement, beset Nigeria’s economy. The government plans to suspend the importation of essentials for six months and raise the minimum wage to address these issues. Additionally, annual inflation is expected to slow to around 32% by the end of the year, with the rate-hike cycle anticipated to end in July. President Bola Tinubu has affirmed that economic reforms will continue despite the hardships.